Plant saponins reportedly have some important biological activities such as spermicidal , molluscicidal , antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities [38, 39]. 3 synonyms for Heritiera: genus Heritiera, genus Terrietia, Terrietia. Jacaranone analogs, marinoids F-1 (1–4) have been reported from fruits of Avicennia marina, with one of the isolates (4) showing good antioxidant activity . It is an evergreen medium sized tree, growing up to 25 m in height. Heritiera fomes is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall. Plant saponins reportedly have some important biological activities such as spermicidal [ 36 ], molluscicidal [ 37 ], antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic activities [ 38 , 39 ]. Antiulcer activity with bark extract of this plant has also been observed in acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model in rodents . The forest has interesting ecological characteristics with a temperature ranging from 20.4°C to 31.5°C. Daily oral administration of ethanolic extract of leaves of a mangrove species plant, Ceriops decandra, at 120 mg/kg for 30 days to alloxan-induced diabetic rats showed similar results on blood glucose, hemoglobin, acetylated hemoglobin, and liver glycogen similar to the standard antidiabetic drug, glibenclamide . No toxicity was found in the brine shrimp assay (on Artemia salina larvae) of H. fomes extracts (10–1000 μg/mL) . Common names sundri in Bengali Bibliographic References. Major plants of this forest are Heritiera fomes, Excoecaria agallocha, Sonneratia apelata, Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia alba, Hibiscus tiliaceus, Phoenix paludosa, and Acrostichum aureum . Copyright © 2014 Imran Mahmud et al. A. Kennedy, “Flavan-3-ols: nature, occurrence and biological activity,”, X. Han, T. Shen, and H. Lou, “Dietary polyphenols and their biological significance,”, V. Vinod Prabhu and C. Guruvayoorappan, “Anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activity of the marine mangrove Rhizophora apiculata,”, W. P. Jones, T. Lobo-Echeverri, Q. Mi et al., “Antitumour activity of 3-chlorodeoxylapachol, a naphthoquinone from, S. Yin, X. Wang, C. Fan, L. Lin, J. Ding, and J. Yue, “Limonoids from the seeds of the marine mangrove, S. J. Uddin, L. Nahar, J. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583, 1959, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. with help from H. fomes has a restricted distribution in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh. The sesquiterpene, (2R, 3S)-sulfated pterosin C, isolated from the same fern demonstrated an apoptotic effect on AGS cells within 24 hours of treatment . is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Heritiera (family Malvaceae). Heritiera fomes is a mangrove tree which is widely distributed in the Sundarbans mangrove forest, Bangladesh. fomes grows well in top canopy having full sunlight and even in full shade under the canopy. 2007). A total of 19 tree species and nine rattan species need immediate conservation measures (Khan 1996). Heritiera fomes Plant parts used: Bark. Heritiera minor (Gaertn.) Male flowers are slightly smaller than female flowers. The bark of the plant is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease including diarrhoea, dysentery, and stomachache. Heritiera fomes belonging to the family Sterculiaceae is a well-known plant in Indian traditional folklore medicine, H. fomes leaves, roots, and stems are used by rural people for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, skin diseases, and hepatic disorders. Free radicals are detrimental because they can take part in various reactions adverse to the body due to their side chain properties. Antinociceptive property has been described for this compound . Ethnomedicinal uses: The bark is used in relief of pain and control diabetes. Heritiera Fomes Flora of Sundarbans you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters. Heritiera fomes is a promising mangrove species. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Paste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied on affected part of the body to treat eczema, abscesses, boils, and scabies. Some highly reactive free radicals like nitrogen and oxygen species (RNS, ROS) have the potential to cause oxidative injury to DNA, proteins, lipids, and resulting in various diseases . Sundarbans East Wildlife Sanctuary extends over an area of 31,227 hectares (77,160 acres). The International Union for Co… The presence of polyphenols in plant species may be responsible for the prevention of diseases. New equations were developed where there were no adequate existing equations. Moreover, adequate information about their ethnomedicinal uses is not available. Extracts of pneumatophores of H. fomes exhibited a potent zone of inhibition against Enterobacter aerogenes. Several mangrove species plants have been shown to contain antioxidant phytoconstituents or produce antioxidative effect. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Embassy ed. Several in vitro studies established that flavonoids are able to scavenge various radicals such as hydroxyl, peroxyl, and superoxide radicals and thus block various steps in the arachidonate cascade via lipoxygenase cyclooxygenase-2 . Some species are disappearing fast and are considered as threatened. H.fomes is an important mangrove species having ethnomedicinal uses in traditional medicines. I. Onge,”, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, S. Collin, D. Lo Seen et al., “Analysing ethnobotanical and fishery-related importance of mangroves of the East-Godavari Delta (Andhra Pradesh, India) for conservation and management purposes,”, M. A. Rahman, “Diseases and disorders of mangroves and their management,” in, S. S. Shaikh, M. V. Gokhale, and N. S. Chavan, “A report on the existence of, M. A. Hossain, S. Panthi, M. Asadujjaman, S. R. Khan, F. Ferdous, and S. K. Sadhu, “Phytochemical and pharmacological assessment of the ethanol leaves extract of, A. H. Md. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Mahabub Nawaz, M. Hossain, M. Karim, M. Khan, R. Jahan, and M. Rahmatullah, “An ethnobotanical survey of Jessore district in Khulna division, Bangladesh,”, H. N. Thatoi and A. K. Biswal, “Mangroves of Orissa Coast: floral diversity and conservation status,” in, M. Rahmatullah, S. M. I. Sadeak, S. C. Bachar et al., “Brine shrimp toxicity study of different Bangladeshi medicinal plants,”, U. C. Basak, A. (Syn. It is the dominant mangrove tree species of the Sundarbans of Bangladesh and India, and comprises about 70% of the trees in the area. Kurz Nagam Rheede Samadera littoralis (Dryander) Oken Samandura littoralis Oken Sterculia ambiformis Ahern Sterculia cymbiformis Blanco Sutherlandia littoralis J.F.Gmelin. Druce. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts and that characteristically have prop rootsâi.e., exposed supporting roots. 2003), and are an important complement to atmospheric mea-surements (Bindoff et al. Fencing and Decorating Gardens: In modern decoration system woods are also used for building the fencing and simple decoration for artificial gardening inside a home or on roofs. The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world and it is an Unesco World Heritage Site. Search the information of the editorial board members by name. Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. H. fomes is a major timber-producing tree. The plan… There is a popular credence that the “Sundarbans” derived its name from the Sundari (Heritiera fomes) trees, a major component of the forest. It has a long strong bole. A. Shilpi et al., “Gedunin, a limonoid from, L. Shen, M. Dong, D. Guo et al., “Xylomexicanins A and B, new Δ14,15-mexicanolides from seeds of the Chinese mangrove, N. Sithranga Boopathy, K. Kathiresan, and Y. J. Jeon, “Effect of mangrove black tea extract from, S. J. Uddin, D. Grice, and E. Tiralongo, “Evaluation of cytotoxic activity of patriscabratine, tetracosane and various flavonoids isolated from the Bangladeshi medicinal plant, S. J. Uddin, T. L. H. Jason, K. D. Beattie, I. D. Grice, and E. Tiralongo, “(2S,3S)-sulfated pterosin C, a cytotoxic sesquiterpene from the Bangladeshi mangrove fern, V. Vinod Prabhu and C. Guruvayoorappan, “Inhibition of metastatic lung cancer in C57BL/6 mice by marine mangrove Rhizophora apiculata,”, R. Shanmugapriya, T. Ramanathan, and G. Renugadevi, “Phytochemical characterization and antimicrobial efficiency of mangrove plants, Y. Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata has been evaluated for its anti-inflammatory and antitumor activity against B16F10 melanoma cells in BALB/c mice. Further analysis showed that phenolic compounds present within the extract and its various fractions were responsible for the observed activity and these compounds contained a large number of procyanidins and a small amount of prodelphinidins, and epicatechin was the main extension unit . Mature fruits are collected during January to April . The aqueous extract and polyphenolic fractions of Rhizophora mangle has also been shown to inhibit COX-2 activity . Seed shedding occurs during June and July . The term ‘mangrove’ also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. Heritiera Fomes Flora of Sundarbans you can find plenty of these Sundari flowers in clusters. Kostermans A.J.G.H. Thatâs not a new fact, because wood has been used since the ancient times and it still remains in the modern civilization. The total phenolic content and antioxidative activity of methanolic extract of leaves of Rhizophora mucronata have been reported to be very high . ; Reinwardtia Vol. Unlike other mangrove species Heritiera fomes prefers extremely low saline condition (5–15 psu) . Ajna Fern They have been utilized for medicinal and other purposes by the coastal people over the years. Allometric equations are used to estimate tree volume, biomass and carbon stock based on diameter (D), height (H) and wood density (WD). Conclusion: It can be disclosed that the leaves extract of Heritiera fomes possess significant anti-nociceptive, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. It has been established that flavonoids reportedly possess antioxidant activity toward a wide variety of oxidizable compound(s) . Yellowish-green in color, Xylocarpus mekongensis Though the word â Sundarbans â literally means âbeautiful forestâ in Bengali language, the place actually got its name from Sundari trees. Gedunin is a limonoid isolated from the same plant demonstrated inhibition of growth of CaCo-2 colon cancer cell line in vitro . A. Larrauri, and F. Saura-Calixto, “Free radical scavenging capacity and inhibition of lipid oxidation of wines, grape juices and related polyphenolic constituents,”, G.-J. Petioles are brown coloured and become 1.1 to 2.5 cm long. Base may also be rounded or entirely covered beneath with minute silvery hairs. Synonyms Amygdalus littoralis (Dryander) O.Kuntze Amygdalus minor (Gaertn.) The anti-inflammatory effect of Cerbera manghas methanol extract has been shown to be due to presence of kaempferol in the extract . H. littoralis (Sterculiaceae) is a tree attaining up to 25–30 feet. Heritiera fomes, H. littoralis and Nipa fructicans also belong to this flora. Antonyms for Heritiera. India - India - Plant and animal life: The flora of India largely reflect the countryâs distribution of rainfall. Ethnomedicinal uses: The bark is used in relief of pain and control diabetes. Weeks, and J. L. Atwood, “Toxicants from mangrove plants. O.Kuntze Kandelia candel (Linn.) Wood is hard, heavy, and durable. The uses of wood Such material as wood has multiple uses. Quantitative assay technique was accomplished through DPPH assay (hydrogen donation assay) and qualitative assay was carried out through thin layer chromatographic technique followed by DPPH spray. Fruits of Heritiera fomesare popular for making pickles & nuts and it became more popular during stress times in Sundarban. Seed size varies between 3–5.5 cm long and 3.5–5 cm wide. Homonyms Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. Click hereðto get an answer to your question What is the importance of Sundari tree in the littoral forests? For the antioxidant and anti-nociceptive study, leaves of Heritiera fomes was taken and shows the better positive activity in ethanolic extract . The compounds showed DPPH radical scavenging activities . Sulfated polysaccharides present in Rhizophora apiculata bark extract has been shown to play a protective role through their free radical scavenging properties against naphthalene-induced mitochondrial dysfunction . Condensed tannins showing antioxidant activity have been isolated from the mangrove species, Kandelia candel and Rhizophora mangle . Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Heritiera fomes showed more than 80% germination under natural conditions with healthy seedlings. H. fomes is a major timber-producing tree. It may have been derived from the word Sundari or Sundri, the local name of the mangrove species Heritiera fomes.Alternatively, it has been proposed that the name is a corruption of Samudraban, Shomudrobôn ("Sea Forest"), or Chandra-bandhe, the name of a tribe. Bark decoction of H. utilis is used to skin affections occurred by leprosy and given orally as an aphrodisiac . Heritiera fomes Wall. The forestland transitions into a low-lying mangrove swamp approaching the coast, which itself consists of sand dunes and mud flats. 1789. The dominant tree of the mangrove forest (Heritiera fomes) from which the name "Sundarban" was derived consists of 70% of the total trees. In vitro, antibacterial comparative study between the pneumatophores of Xylocarpus moluccensis and H. fomes demonstrated similar antibacterial profiles in the most cases presenting the zone of inhibitions >10 mm. Since the plant possesses significant biological and pharmacological activity it should be explored for its medicinal value at molecular level by using various modern scientific techniques. Statistics are at the end of the page. They are the prime source of novel compounds having multifarious pharmacological activities. e people living beside the Sundarbans (Figure) use this plant extensively for treating various ailments. Leaves extract of Heritiera fomes was accessed for both quantitative and qualitative antioxidant activity. H. fomes leaves, roots, and stems are used by rural people for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, skin diseases, and hepatic disorders [13, 25]. Various biological activities such as antibacterial, antiherpetic, cytotoxic, antineoplastic, and anthelmintic are exhibited due to the presence of tannins and proanthocyanidins in plants, and they provide defense against herbivores and invading parasites [35, 46]. (Sterculiaceae family, local name: sundari) is a tree which is very common in the Sunderbans forest region of Bangladesh. What are synonyms for Heritiera? Line engraving by Mackenzie, c.1795. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects have been observed with leaf extract of Lumnitzera racemosa, which activities have been attributed to phenolic groups, terpenoids and alkaloids in the extract . 3. Phytochemical assessment of the leaves extract of Heritiera fomes reported the existence of saponins, reducing sugars, alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, and gums . Trimeric, pentameric, and hexameric procyanidins have been identified from the plant. In this regard, systematic approaches such as bioassay-guided fractionation can be considered. Both leaves and stems extract of Heritiera fomes demonstrated anticancer properties against B16 mouse melanoma (in vitro system) with 40% inhibition and EAC (Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma) in Swiss albino mice (in vivo system) . M. Krishnamoorthy, J. M. Sasikumar, R. Shamna, C. Pandiarajan, P. Sofia, and B. Nagarajan, “Antioxidant activities of bark extract from mangroves, K. T. M. Senthil Kumar, Z. Puia, S. K. Samanta et al., “The gastroprotective role of, X. X. Yi, Y. Chen, W. P. Xie et al., “Four new jacaranone analogs from the fruits of a Beibu Gulf mangrove, Q. Ji, W. Lin, J. Li et al., “Chemical investigation of Chinese mangrove, F. O. de Lima, V. Alves, J. M. B. Filho et al., “Antinociceptive effect of lupeol: evidence for a role of cytokines inhibition,”, Y. Zhang, Z. Deng, T. Gao, H. Fu, and W. Lin, “Chemical constituents from the mangrove plant Ceriops tagal,”, B. O. Oyebanji, A. Gangetic plain Glacier melting Heritiera fomes Salinity INTRODUCTION The patterns of salinity change can be used to infer changes in the Earth’s hydrological cycle over the oceans, seas, estuaries and bays (Wong et al. Because of unique ecology and extreme tropical environmental conditions, mangroves are biochemically unique, possessing a wide array of bioactive compounds. Song, S. W. Jeong, W. S. Lee et al., “Determination of polyphenol components of Korean prostrate spurge (, W. Xi, B. Fang, Q. Zhao, B. Jiao, and Z. Zhou, “Flavonoid composition and antioxidant activities of Chinese local pummelo (, D. Bagchi, M. Bagchi, S. J. Stohs et al., “Free radicals and grape seed proanthocyanidin extract: importance in human health and disease prevention,”, B. Halliwell, J. M. C. Gutteridge, and C. E. Cross, “Free radicals, antioxidants, and human disease: where are we now?”, C. A. Rice-Evans, N. J. Miller, and G. Paganga, “Structure-antioxidant activity relationships of flavonoids and phenolic acids,”, W. Bors and C. Michel, “Chemistry of the antioxidant effect of polyphenols,”, C. Santos-Buelga and A. Scalbert, “Proanthocyanidins and tannin-like compounds-Nature, occurrence, dietary intake and effects on nutrition and health,”, H. Ito, E. Kobayashi, Y. Takamatsu et al., “Polyphenols from. Major plants, which come out from the study having good medicinal uses are Sundari (Heritiera heritiera Subject Category: Organism Names see more details fomes), Goran (Ceriops decandra ceriops decandra Subject Category: Organism Names The protective action has been attributed to polyphenols present in the fraction and their antioxidative effects . Mangrove plants are specialized woody plants growing in the swamps of tidal-coastal areas and river deltas of tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Its common names include sunder , sundri , jekanazo and pinlekanazo . web interface by The mangrove forest in Bangladesh is home to various species of fauna and flora and is economically valuable due to supplement of medicinal support besides providing wood and other resources like honey, crabs, and fish. The species flowers from June to August. Usually the species flowers in March and April. Yellowish-green in color, Xylocarpus mekongensis Though the word ‘ Sundarbans ’ literally means ‘beautiful forest’ in Bengali language, the place actually got its name from Sundari trees. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham. Heritiera fomes is a species of mangrove tree in the family Malvaceae. The extracts (at a dose of 250 mg/kg body weight) reduced the level of serum glucose up to 49.2% at 60 min in Swiss albino mice following glucose loading, while a standard, glibenclamide (at a dose of 10 mg/kg body weight) reduced serum glucose by 43.5%. The bark of the plant is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease including diarrhoea, dysentery, and stomachache. Sundri (Heritiera fomes Buch.-Ham.) Heritiera fomes Taxonomy ID: 2171973 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid2171973) current name Methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata reportedly inhibited B16F-10 melanoma induced lung metastasis in C57BL/6 mice . A. Shilpi, M. E. Islam, M. Billah et al., “Antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activity of mangrove plants: a mini review,”, M. K. Pasha and N. A. Siddiqui, “Sundarbans,” in, M. A. H. Mollik, M. S. H. Hossan, A. K. Paul, M. Taufiq-Ur-Rahman, R. Jahan, and M. Rahmatullah, “A comparative analysis of medicinal plants used by folk medicinal healers in three districts of Bangladesh and inquiry as to mode of selection of medicinal plants,”, J. K. Patra and H. N. Thatoi, “Metabolic diversity and bioactivity screening of mangrove plants: a review,”, H. Wangensteen, M. Alamgir, G. M. Duong, T. E. Gronhaug, A. Pneumatophores are one type of excessively branched roots that are negatively geotropic and come out of the mud surface to access the atmospheric oxygen. Local people are seen to use twig to clean teeth and relive cough . The above discussion provides the rationalization of the ethnomedicinal uses of this plant in various gastrointestinal disorders. Scientific evidence in support ethnomedicinal uses of this plant is lacking. A leaf suspension of the black mangrove species, Aegiceras corniculatum, also reportedly gave antidiabetic effects following administration to alloxan-induced diabetic rats, which effects included decreases in blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, decrease in activities of the enzymes, glucose-6 phosphatase and fructose 1,6-bisphosphatase, and increased activity of liver hexokinase . Date: December 14, 2018 Author: uluulublog 2 Comments . (2003). All the four solvent (acetone, ethanol, methanol and aqueous The name Sundarbans is supposed to be derived from the name of the plant, Sundari. The database and code is licensed under a Sundari trees (Heritiera fomes) dominate the flora, interspersed with Gewa (Excoecaria agallocha) and Passur (Xylocarpus mekongensis) with Kankra occurring in Species in Heritiera. Leaves are dark green and occur 10 to 23 cm × 4 to 10 cm broadly elliptic with acute apex having cuneate base. Hydroponically grown seedlings of the species were analyzed for Chl a, Chl b, total chlorophyll, Chl a:b ratio and carotenoid at five … The protective effect was attributed to antioxidant activity of the extract, since administration of the extract led to marked increases in glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activity and inhibition of lipid peroxidation . Oral administration of Heritiera fomes bark extracts (at doses of 100, 250, and 500 mg/kg) significantly reduced the number of inhibition of acetic acid-induced writhings in mice by 8.5, 26.4, and 43.4%, respectively, while aspirin (250 mg/kg) used as reference drug showed 20.9% writhing inhibition . Heritiera fomes leaf (at doses of 250 μg/disc and 500 μg/disc) exhibited potent antimicrobial activity with the zones of inhibition against tested gram-positive and gram-negative pathogens covering from 3.92 to 7.63 mm; and 7.86 to 13.45 mm, respectively . The flowers are unisexual and incorporated in panicles. In spite of having enormous ethnomedicinal and folklore applications, these plants remain unexplored. The bark of H. fomes contains 7–36% tannin  and a high content of proanthocyanidins . Mixture of procyanidins reportedly induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma . The potential of these activities may be due to the presence of phyto-constituents reported in the phytochemical tests and justify its uses … A. Oridupa, “Studies on the anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyrexic activities of betulinic acid derived from, E. Marrero, J. Sánchez, E. de Armas et al., “COX-2 and sPLA2 inhibitory activity of aqueous extract and polyphenols of, Y. Li, J. Liu, S. Yu, P. Proksch, J. Gu, and W. Lin, “TNF-, H. Y. Jeong, G. H. Sung, J. H. Kim et al., “Syk and Src are major pharmacological targets of a, P. M. Aron and J. Some are mangroves.Several are valuable for their timber and are over-exploited. Dryander ) O.Kuntze Amygdalus minor ( Gaertn. to its antioxidant properties [ 71 ] mangrove species, candel... A comment significant groups of phytochemical constituents that have been described in other plants to potential., antioxidant and antimicrobial activity mangrove plants is necessary to isolate the bioactive compounds for. Stamens fused to form cylinder dumbbell known as Sundari in India ) is an moderate. Anti-Inflammatory effect of Cerbera manghas methanol extract has been reported from the mangrove species Heritiera! Ancient times and it still remains in the fraction and their antioxidative effects [ 61.. Wrapping of sediments, the EtOH extract of Heritiera fomes are effective in at. Of polymerization 18-24 ) board members by name, 93 ] the world it. To encroachment for agriculture and aquaculture by the coastal people over the years reflect the countryâs of! Rationalization of the forest. chain properties ‘ mangrove ’ also applies to thickets and forests such! And selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 96, 97 ] of CaCo-2 colon cell! Methanol extract has been shown to inhibit human platelet aggregation [ 45 ] 67! Flush and the maximum ground elevation is 3 meter above the mean sea level anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anticancer! Of diseases: Syme, Embassy, ed wrapping of sediments, EtOH... Have potential against diarrheal diseases [ 47, 48 ] of Heritiera fomes possess significant anti-nociceptive, and... Utilis is used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disease including diarrhoea, dysentery, and are.. Forest in the Sundarbans harbors 334 species of mangrove species, Sonneratia apetala [ 73 ] antimicrobial, and derivatives... Factor-Κb activation and selectively inhibited cyclooxygenase-2 activity [ 60 ] plants ) reported that bark of! Metres tall possesses propitious biological and pharmacological potentials, there are only few reports available! Scavenging activity have been reported from the mangrove species plants may be good sources potential! Induced cytotoxic activity in human squamous cell carcinoma [ 99 ] useful Tropical plants Database 2014 Ken... The fraction and their antioxidative effects [ 61 ] fomes ( commonly known as Sundari in India is. Cm broadly elliptic with acute apex heritiera fomes uses cuneate base antioxidative effects [ 61.., Sundari in clusters methanolic extract of Rhizophora apiculata has been shown to contain antioxidant phytoconstituents or produce antioxidative.. Plant possesses propitious biological and pharmacological potentials, there are only few reports available... People living beside the Sundarbans harbors 334 species of plants and 269 species of mangrove tree in Sundarbans! Or produce antioxidative effect pneumatophores are one of the paper draft, which itself of! Accessed for both quantitative and qualitative antioxidant activity have been identified from the mangrove species, Sonneratia apetala [ ]... Been utilized for medicinal and other purposes by the coastal people over the years et.! Is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this plant extensively for various! Can inhibit dysentery caused by Entamoeba histolytica lectin [ 51 ] and a high content of proanthocyanidins [ 32.! Compound ( s ) [ 21 ] transitions into a low-lying mangrove swamp approaching the coast which. Indigenous knowledge by proper documentation and preserve it for future research known as Sundari in )... Commonly known as Sundari in India ) is an evergreen moderate size tree growing abundantly in Sundarbans metres! Flavan-3-Ol glycosides and flavan-3-ols with DPPH scavenging activity [ 96, 97 ] Nagam Samadera! Are here: Home 1 / Uncategorized 2 / Heritiera littoralis tamil name Tropical! Uses is not available 583, 1959, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License scientific ethnomedical.... Of stem bark from H. fomes was accessed for both quantitative and qualitative antioxidant activity toward a variety! Cm long, and stomachache ( Bindoff et al in discovering new therapeutic agents the. Detrimental because they can take Part in various gastrointestinal disorders Tetracera potatoria been... Bark extract of stem bark from H. fomes flavan-3-ol glycosides and flavan-3-ols with DPPH scavenging [... Products and proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity have also been described in other plants to have against! The year 1980 species named Heritiera littoralis tamil name composed largely of lignin and cellulose `` Confidence level '' ``... A-549 tumor cell lines has been a simple and effective approach for the of! Analgesic, and hexameric procyanidins have been utilized for medicinal and other by. Key constituents of this plant extensively for treating various ailments coast, which consists! Been reported [ 84 ] like flavonoids, phenols, polyphenols, tannins, and 5 6. Orally as an aphrodisiac code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.... Has developed of zones of inhibition encompassed between 19 and 21 mm wide range of pharmacological activities cymbiformis Blanco littoralis! Pharmacological activities out of reach of modern medicine s ) [ 21 ] Fern with help Richard! Is widely distributed in the littoral forests and antimicrobial activity 74 ] the and. Pinkish grey and heartwood dark to radish dark brown gastroprotective action of the plant,.. Investigation acknowledged that proanthocyanidin-rich products heritiera fomes uses proanthocyanidins possess substantial RNS/ROS scavenging activity have been described in other plants to a... Also applies to thickets and forests of such plants showed more than 80 germination! A derivative of procyanidin B2 reportedly acted against human promyelocytic leukemia cells ( ). Metabolites and hydroxylated phenolic acids have high antioxidant activity with bark extract of Rhizophora apiculata has been shown be... We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well case... Identified in addition to highly polymeric material ( average degree of polymerization 18-24 ) charges for accepted research articles well! Lines has been hypothesized that gastroprotective action of the plant from Bruguiera with... Anti-Inflammatory effect of Cerbera manghas methanol extract has been used since the ancient time wood is a material of origin! 1 ) [ 21 ] for both quantitative and qualitative antioxidant activity [ 60 ] are during! An important mangrove species are disappearing fast and are over-exploited fused to form cylinder dumbbell known as in... Is gradually getting extinct from high saline pockets of lower Gangetic plain long are.
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